Research Papers

NICRO research papers

We have a variety of different research papers; ranging from topics about social work practice, substance abuse and female offenders to the state of South Africa’s prisons. If you wish to find out more, feel free to read NICRO’s research papers.


Professional Standards of Social Work Practice Linked to Human Rights: World Social Work Day 2015 Paper by NICRO

This is an extract of a paper entitled ‘Professional standards of social work practice linked to human rights’. The paper will be presented at the University of Fort Hare on the 17th March 2015 to mark World Social Work Day. The paper conceptualizes the notion of social work and human rights. It further provides the context that links social work to human rights.

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Exploring Female Offender Profiles and Social Reintegration Service Delivery (2015)

The National Institution of Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders (NICRO) has been rendering crime prevention and offender reintegration services since 1910. As part of ongoing monitoring and evaluation, NICRO maintains an annual statistics database of people who have been in conflict with the law to whom NICRO has rendered services.

The statistics database allows for data analysis of various patterns, trends and dynamics of offenders in South Africa. This paper focuses specifically on female offenders who received NICRO services between 2012 and 2013. The aim of this paper is to make a contribution to the developing South African literature on the subject of female offenders. This paper will conclude with a brief discussion on the practice implications of the findings.

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Exploring Substance Use Among South African Adult And Young Offenders

Substance use and abuse is associated with crime and offending behaviour, as well as with generally at risk behaviour. Substance use is also associated with fatal injuries resulting from violence, road accidents, victimisation and poor societal outcomes in general. This paper reviews data extracted from the 2012 – 2013 service statistics from the National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders (NICRO).

The dataset is comprised of adults and children in conflict with the law who were referred for offender social reintegrating services. The dataset contains entries for 19 509 offenders, of which 7 190 (36.85%) indicated substance use either through self-reporting or a drug test. This paper explores the various dynamics that are presented in this group regarding, nature and frequency of substance use, types of offences committed, as well as general demographic information such as age, race and sex. The paper concludes with several recommendations regarding the implications of the data for offender social reintegration and crime prevention practice in South Africa.

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Public Education Paper On The State Of South African Prisons

The National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders (NICRO) is a South African non-profit organisation which began working with offenders in 1910. Operating in eight provinces, NICRO provides services designed to help adult and child offenders turn their lives around and become contributing members of society. Annually NICRO renders direct social services to approximately 15 000 people, who are predominantly historically disadvantaged, unemployed and lacking education.

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